The Critical Journal of the British Science Fiction Association

Rainbows End by Vernor Vinge

Reviewed by Gary Dalkin

Tor, New York, 2006, 364pp, $25.95, h/b, ISBN 0-312-85684-9

San Diego 2025. Robert Gu is recovering from the depths of Alzheimer's. Once a celebrated poet, advances in medicine mean Robert even functionally regains his youth. The only thing that doesn't come back is his poetic muse.

What has returned is the mean-spirited personality which delights in damaging others so much and Gu is largely alienated from those he knew before his illness. With relationships tense between Robert and his son's family, he goes back to school to learn the skills necessary in a world which has changed radically in the decade he has been out of circulation.

Gradually Robert begins to bond with his granddaughter, Miri, and a young student, Juan, and to explore new technologies, including the all pervasive electronic networks which have developed from the current internet: Rainbows End is dedicated "To the Internet-based cognitive tools that are changing our lives Wikipedia, Google, eBay, and others of their kind, now and in the future".

Before this is a prologue in which an EU intelligence agent uncovers a trial of an engineered virus targeted to make people behave in a certain way (in this case buy a particular confectionery) upon viewing a visual trigger (a TV commercial). The implication is either a nation or terrorist group is planning to use the technology to apocalyptic ends we are told in a casual aside no major city has been lost to a nuke in 5 years. The probable source of the virus is tracked to a laboratory in San Diego.

Robert was once a professor at the University of San Diego Vernor Vinge is currently a professor at the same institution where he becomes involved in a protest against the digitization and destruction of the library. And here Robert's path intersects with the world of international espionage. This is inevitable given his son is a senior Homeland Security officer who when not supervising the defence of America's western seaboard, is away on covert counter-terrorism missions around the globe. And if that wasn't enough, Robert's daughter-in-law regularly has her mind reprogrammed shades of Joe 90 with whatever special JITT (Just In Time Training) is required to save America from the latest international threat.

Central to all this is enigmatic cyber entity 'Rabbit', who may be one of the established characters in the novel, an AI, or, well... and herein lies the major flaw of Rainbows End. Much is made of not knowing who might be behind what persona on-line, so that as with the on-line world today Vinge's protagonists may ultimately never know what is really going on. Which might be realistic, but leaves a plot riddled with absurdly improbable coincidences for want of the twist, the revelation, the narrative U-turn, which would tie the disparate yet interconnected narrative threads together in a convincing way. The result is a sprawling, highly imaginative novel in which all the many elements fail to resolve into a satisfying whole. From family drama to techno-thriller, from tragic love story to tale of personal redemption, the narrative collapses around a rabbit-shaped hole.

Rainbows End is partly a book about old folks learning new tricks. Given that Vinge's previous novels, such as the superb A Fire Upon The Deep, were immensely satisfying epics of space and time it would appear he is trying some new tricks himself with this near future 'realistic' sf. The book is subtitled 'A Novel With One Foot In The Future', yet with trickster 'Rabbit' and even a character called Alice, it is also a book with one foot in the past. The last time we went down this particular metaphorical rabbit hole it was called The Matrix.

There are certainly many intriguing imaginative details in the world Vinge has conceived, and after a two thirds set-up the final third unfolds as an exciting and occasionally moving adventure. Yet it doesn't convince. There is too much plotting of convenience. The execution of the climatic action seems highly contrived is it really that easy to gain access to state-of-the-art biological research labs? while a major subplot concerning the rivalry between 'belief circles' (fans) of competing virtual realities quickly becomes tedious. Rainbows End tells us little more about tomorrow than that if we live long enough we'll all face future shock, and offers no more insight into the unending War on Terror than a Hollywood adaptation of a Tom Clancy novel. As for the curious lack of punctuation in the title, you'll have to read the book. Sad to say there's no pot of gold awaiting the reader at the end of this particular rainbow.

This article first appeared in Vector 249. Back issues of Vector are available from